It’s a story as incredible as it is incomprehensible: On 17 March, 2012, a world-class soccer player from England, Fabrice Muamba, has sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) on a European soccer field. The audience and remaining players stand stunned as CPR is initiated (video here). An automatic external defibrillator (AED) is applied to his chest. Two shocks from the AED are delivered on the field, another as he was carried to the ambulance nearly five minutes later, and 12 more shocks were delivered on the way to the hospital. None of them worked. Ultimately, 78 minutes of CPR were performed before the sixteenth shock miraculously restored sinus rhythm. He then underwent therapeutic hypothermia, and, just as incredibly, awakened neurologically intact some time later. He later undergoes implantation of an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) as secondary prevention against future sudden cardiac arrest.
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